Presenting the compatibility model of couples based on the component of communication literacy (with emphasis on contextual features)


  • Mohammad Gharib Shah PhD student in Communication Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Law, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran
  • Hamid Davazdah Emami Assistant Professor, Educational Department of Cultural Management, Faculty of Islamic Governance, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran
  • Faezeh Taghipour Associate Professor, Department of Communication Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Law, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran



compatibility of couples, communication literacy, marriage, background characteristics


This research was carried out with the main purpose of presenting the pattern of couples' compatibility based on the component of communication literacy (with emphasis on background characteristics). The qualitative research method is based on the theory of database and to benefit from the opinions and views of experts and experts in social communication, media, sociology, counselling, culture, family, education, and advertising. , health and other fields related to the topic, the field interview strategy was used (focusing on causal, intervening, contextual conditions, strategies and strategies, consequences and results) and a total of 35 interviewees answered open and explanatory questions. At the same time as conducting the interview process, the main data was collected (round trip and receiving feedback again) and according to the choice of the researcher and the satisfaction of the interviewee, new questions were asked so that the meaningful concepts and results were as much as possible. Saturation arrived. In the following, by categorizing common sentences and synonyms, 120 concepts were extracted in the open coding stage, 40 categories were extracted in the central coding stage, and 10 final categories were extracted in the selective coding stage, and the results showed: The most important background conditions influencing couples' compatibility Based on the communication literacy component including ten components: "conventional ideas, traditional thoughts and family experiences", "incorrect modeling", "individual independence and ownership", "adherence to beliefs and spirituality", "information and more information", "Primary understandings", "Individual and social skills", "Individual and personality traits", "Love, interest, feeling of belonging", "Level and quality of life of couples" and "Status and characteristic couples".


• Ahmadi-Noudeh, Khodabakhsh, Esfandiar Azad Marzabadi and Ali Lethwanani, 2014, "Investigation of marital status and marital compatibility among IRGC employees", Military Medicine Journal of the Behavioral Sciences Research Center at the Combat Medicine Research Institute of Baqiyat-Allah University of Medical Sciences, number seven. Second period.

• Ahmadi Noudeh, Khodabakhsh, Ali Fathi Ashtiani and Alireza Arabnia, 1385, "Investigating the relationship between religious observances and marital compatibility", Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyat-Ela University of Medical Sciences (AJ), Journal of Family Studies, second period, No. 5, pp. 55-67.

• Strauss A., Corbin J., 2015, Basics of Qualitative Research Techniques and Stages of Grounded Theory Production, translated by Afshar, Ebrahim, Tehran, Nei Publishing House, 5th edition.

• Islamic Nasab Bojunordi, Ali. (1373), "Adaptation Psychology", Tehran, Foundation Publishing, first edition.

• Olya, Narges, 2017, "Education to enrich married life", Danje Publications, Tehran, 4th edition.

• Basharat Karamelki, Rabab, Amir Panah Ali and Mirdawood Hosseini Nasab, 1400, "Effectiveness of reality-based couple therapy and forgiveness therapy in a group approach on marital adjustment, emotional differentiation and intimacy of couples with emotional divorce", Quarterly Consulting Research, Volume 20, Number 80, (

• Pashaei, Zohra, Seyed Ahmad Ahmadi, Maryam Fatehizadeh and Flor Khayatan, 1400, "Effectiveness of the integrated package of intimate communication skills and marriage enrichment training on the interpersonal interaction injuries of couples", Women's Research Journal, Volume 12, No. 35, (

• Hariri, Najla, 2018, Principles and Methods of Qualitative Research, Tehran, Islamic Azad University Publications, Science and Research Unit, second edition.

• Hosni Moghadam, Siddiqa, Ganji, Jila, Sharifnia, Seyedhamid, Arabi, Mohsen, and Khani, Soghari. (2018). Investigating the factors related to the communication patterns of Iranian couples: a conceptual review study. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (University Letter), 29(177), 222-239. SID.

• Ghasemi, Hamid, 2018, "The need to learn communicative literacy from elementary school in a skill-oriented way", Alborz Province General University of Applied Sciences, interview (03/01/2018) at Milad Cultural Club on the occasion of honouring top professors.

• Ghasemi, Hamid, Nazanin Rasakh and Leila Izadparast, 2019, Communication Literacy, Tehran, Andishe Ara Publications, first edition, p. 8.

• Ghasemi, Saideh, 2019, "The role and function of the media in education and training", a quarterly journal of a new approach in educational sciences, second volume, number 4, pp. 76-82.

• Razmian, Razieh, Rahmanzadeh, Seyed Ali, Ahmadi, Soraya. (1400). Analysis of social and cultural factors preventing the verbal communication of spouses in Tehran. Cultural studies and communication, (), 1-17. doi: 10.22034/jcsc.2021.539887.2466

• Glaser, William, 2018, "Choice Theory: Modern Psychology, a window to peace, pleasure and personal freedom", translated by Behnaz Hemmati, Tehran

• Mohammadi, Amina, Mohammadhadi Yarahmadi and Mehdi Hosni, 1400, "The relationship between communication skills and marital compatibility of couples, a case study: couples in Yazd city", the second conference on law, political science and humanities (https://civilica. com/doc/1266251).

• Naqshbandi, Siamak, 2018, "Normalization of Bell's Adaptability Test in students based in Tehran", PhD thesis, Azad University, Tehran Science and Research Unit

• Hashim Lo, Jafar, 1400, "Compatibility Theories", Blog of Scientific Psychology (Haschelmo Psychology), p. 1.

• Vali-zadeh, Hadith and Vahid Ahmadi and Shirin Tilazadeh, 1400, "The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy on marital adjustment and emotional divorce in couples seeking divorce", the first national psychotherapeutic conference of Iran, Ardabil (https://civilica. com/doc/1347271).

• Bolkan Asuman. 2015. The Effects of Life Skills Psycho-education Programme on Divorced Women's Level of Inner Directed Support and Analysis of This Effect Based on Types of Marriage and Various Demographic Features. Elsevier. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences. 205 (2015). 655-663.

• Gasemi. Hamid. Nazanin Rasekh. )2020(. Identifying Dimensions of Communication Literacy: Thematic Analysis Approach.Journal of Health Literacy. Volume 4. Issue 4. Pages 18-29

• Moran, P. A, Romaniuk, H, Coffey, C, Chanen, A, Degenhardt, L, Borschmann, R, &Patton, G. (2016). The influence of personality disorder on the future mental health and social adjustment of young adults: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry, 3(7): 636-645.

• Penberthy. Jennifer K. Dinesh Chhabra. Dallas M Ducar. Nina Avitabile. Morgan Lynch. Surbhi Khanna. Yiqin Xu. Nassima Ait-Daoud. John schorling. 2018. Impact of Coping and Communication Skills Program on Physician Burnout, Quality of Life, and Emotional Flooding. Oshri. Safety and Health at Work. 9 (2018). 381-387.



How to Cite

Gharib Shah, M., Davazdah Emami, H., & Taghipour, F. (2024). Presenting the compatibility model of couples based on the component of communication literacy (with emphasis on contextual features). International Journal of New Findings in Health and Educational Sciences (IJHES), 2(2), 25–40.