Predicting life expectancy based on self-efficacy and psychological hardiness in cancer patients


  • Zahra Askari Master of Clinical psychology,shiraz University, shiraz, Iran
  • Maryam Rahimian Master of Clinical psychology,shiraz University, shiraz, Iran
  • Mohammad Hossein Alishahi Master of General Psychology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran



Life expectancy, Self-efficacy, Psychological hardiness, Cancer


This study investigated the relationship between life expectancy, psychological hardiness, and self-efficacy in cancer patients. The statistical population of this study consisted of all cancer patients residing in Shiraz in 1402 (2023). Using a non-random sampling method, 150 patients were selected and voluntarily responded to the questionnaires. This research is descriptive and correlational. Three scales were used to measure the variables: Snyder's Adult Hope Scale, Kobasa's Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire, and Jerusalem and Schwartz's Self-Efficacy Scale. Data analysis was performed using the simultaneous multiple regression method. The data analysis confirmed all three hypotheses of the research. Thus, self-efficacy and psychological hardiness can predict life expectancy in cancer patients (p < 0.001). Accordingly, the coefficient of determination was 0.52. Of these two variables, the share of the psychological hardiness variable in predicting life expectancy was greater than that of self-efficacy.


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How to Cite

Askari, Z., Rahimian, M., & Alishahi, M. H. (2024). Predicting life expectancy based on self-efficacy and psychological hardiness in cancer patients. International Journal of New Findings in Health and Educational Sciences (IJHES), 2(2), 132–141.




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